VeriSign, Inc.
VERISIGN INC/CA (Form: 10-Q, Received: 10/24/2013 16:39:41)
Table of Contents

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________ 
FORM 10-Q
 ____________________
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2013
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission File Number: 000-23593 
VERISIGN, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
94-3221585
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
12061 Bluemont Way, Reston, Virginia
 
20190
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (703) 948-3200  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     YES    x     NO    o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     YES    x      NO    o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
   x
Accelerated filer
   o
Non-accelerated filer
   o
Smaller reporting company
   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.):     YES    o      NO    x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class
 
Shares Outstanding October 18, 2013
Common stock, $.001 par value
 
137,052,343


 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 

2

Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 

ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
As required under Item 1—Financial Statements included in this section are as follows:
 

3

Table of Contents

VERISIGN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except par value)
(Unaudited)
 
September 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
117,591

 
$
130,736

Marketable securities
1,689,223

 
1,425,700

Accounts receivable, net
14,823

 
11,477

Deferred tax assets
253

 
44,756

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
39,853

 
30,795

Total current assets
1,861,743

 
1,643,464

Property and equipment, net
337,785

 
333,861

Goodwill
52,527

 
52,527

Long-term deferred tax assets
48,391

 
7,299

Other long-term assets
29,505

 
25,325

Total long-term assets
468,208

 
419,012

Total assets
$
2,329,951

 
$
2,062,476

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
145,426

 
$
130,391

Deferred revenues
597,033

 
564,627

Subordinated convertible debentures, including contingent interest derivative
613,751

 

Deferred tax liabilities
407,860

 

Total current liabilities
1,764,070

 
695,018

Long-term deferred revenues
260,963

 
247,955

Senior notes
750,000

 

Subordinated convertible debentures, including contingent interest derivative

 
597,614

Credit facility

 
100,000

Long-term deferred tax liabilities
3,832

 
386,914

Other long-term tax liabilities
44,903

 
44,298

Total long-term liabilities
1,059,698

 
1,376,781

Total liabilities
2,823,768

 
2,071,799

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ deficit:
 
 
 
Preferred stock—par value $.001 per share; Authorized shares: 5,000; Issued and outstanding shares: none

 

Common stock—par value $.001 per share; Authorized shares: 1,000,000; Issued shares: 320,177 at September 30, 2013 and 318,722 at December 31, 2012; Outstanding shares: 137,654 at September 30, 2013 and 153,392 at December 31, 2012
320

 
319

Additional paid-in capital
19,157,314

 
19,891,291

Accumulated deficit
(19,648,244
)
 
(19,900,545
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(3,207
)
 
(388
)
Total stockholders’ deficit
(493,817
)
 
(9,323
)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
$
2,329,951

 
$
2,062,476

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4

Table of Contents

VERISIGN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
   
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Revenues
$
243,678

 
$
223,528

 
$
719,457

 
$
643,396

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenues
46,554

 
41,460

 
140,438

 
125,560

Sales and marketing
22,900

 
22,928

 
64,273

 
77,056

Research and development
17,456

 
15,409

 
52,531

 
45,635

General and administrative
24,055

 
27,669

 
64,157

 
73,903

Restructuring charges

 

 

 
(730
)
Total costs and expenses
110,965

 
107,466

 
321,399

 
321,424

Operating income
132,713

 
116,062

 
398,058

 
321,972

Interest expense
(21,119
)
 
(12,619
)
 
(53,524
)
 
(37,539
)
Non-operating loss, net
(4,592
)
 
(1,742
)
 
(4,208
)
 
(3,032
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
107,002

 
101,701

 
340,326

 
281,401

Income tax expense
(26,104
)
 
(24,882
)
 
(88,025
)
 
(70,005
)
Income from continuing operations, net of tax
80,898

 
76,819

 
252,301

 
211,396

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
1,091

 

 
2,995

Net income
80,898

 
77,910

 
252,301

 
214,391

Unrealized gain (loss) on investments, net of tax
85

 
2,499

 
(341
)
 
2,536

Realized loss (gain) on investments, net of tax, included in net income
1

 
(20
)
 
(2,478
)
 
(55
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
86

 
2,479

 
(2,819
)
 
2,481

Comprehensive income
$
80,984

 
$
80,389

 
$
249,482

 
$
216,872

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.57

 
$
0.49

 
$
1.71

 
$
1.34

Discontinued operations

 
0.01

 

 
0.02

Net income
$
0.57

 
$
0.50

 
$
1.71

 
$
1.36

Diluted income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.53

 
$
0.46

 
$
1.60

 
$
1.28

Discontinued operations

 
0.01

 

 
0.02

Net income
$
0.53

 
$
0.47

 
$
1.60

 
$
1.30

Shares used to compute net income per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
141,701

 
156,261

 
147,567

 
157,729

Diluted
152,951

 
166,575

 
157,606

 
164,540

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

Table of Contents

VERISIGN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
252,301

 
$
214,391

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation of property and equipment and amortization of other intangible assets
45,415

 
39,652

Stock-based compensation
27,006

 
26,391

Excess tax benefit associated with stock-based compensation
(30,095
)
 
(20,765
)
Deferred income taxes
29,000

 
34,310

Other, net
17,577

 
15,650

Changes in operating assets and liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(3,525
)
 
3,602

Prepaid expenses and other assets
1,679

 
5,081

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
47,185

 
(31,515
)
Deferred revenues
45,414

 
80,074

Net cash provided by operating activities
431,957

 
366,871

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities
2,253,776

 
393,677

Purchases of marketable securities
(2,516,714
)
 
(1,579,234
)
Purchases of property and equipment
(50,201
)
 
(39,868
)
Other investing activities
(3,946
)
 
(638
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(317,085
)
 
(1,226,063
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock from option exercises and employee stock purchase plans
16,661

 
26,573

Repurchases of common stock
(810,067
)
 
(231,391
)
Repayment of borrowings
(100,000
)
 

Proceeds from senior notes, net of issuance costs
738,297

 

Excess tax benefit associated with stock-based compensation
30,095

 
20,765

Other financing activities

 
189

Net cash used in financing activities
(125,014
)
 
(183,864
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(3,003
)
 
162

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(13,145
)
 
(1,042,894
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
130,736

 
1,313,349

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
117,591

 
$
270,455

Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest
$
40,435

 
$
40,829

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds received
$
17,055

 
$
19,975

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6

Table of Contents

VERISIGN, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1. Basis of Presentation
Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by VeriSign, Inc. (“Verisign” or the “Company”) in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, therefore, do not include all information and notes normally provided in audited financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals and other adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of, nor comparable to, the results of operations for any other interim period or for a full fiscal year. These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes contained in Verisign’s fiscal 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2012 Form 10-K”) filed with the SEC on February 28, 2013.
Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to current period presentation. Such reclassifications have no effect on net income as previously reported.
Note 2. Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Marketable Securities
The following table summarizes the Company’s cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities:
 
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Cash
$
53,014

 
$
63,578

Money market funds
13,435

 
38,054

Time deposits
4,597

 
3,614

Debt securities issued by the U.S. Treasury and other U.S. government corporations and agencies
1,744,223

 
1,452,358

Equity securities of a public company

 
3,341

Total
$
1,815,269

 
$
1,560,945

 
 
 
 
Included in Cash and cash equivalents
$
117,591

 
$
130,736

Included in Marketable securities
$
1,689,223

 
$
1,425,700

Included in Other long-term assets (Restricted cash)
$
8,455

 
$
4,509

    
The fair value of the debt securities held as of September 30, 2013 was $1.7 billion , including $0.1 million of gross and net unrealized gains. During the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company sold its debt securities with maturities in excess of one year. All of the debt securities held as of September 30, 2013 are scheduled to mature in less than one year.

7


Note 3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 :
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement Using
 
Total Fair Value
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
(In thousands)
As of September 30, 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in money market funds
$
13,435

 
$
13,435

 
$

 
$

Debt securities issued by the U.S. Treasury
1,744,223

 
1,744,223

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts (1)
315

 

 
315

 

Total
$
1,757,973

 
$
1,757,658

 
$
315

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent interest derivative on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
$
20,926

 
$

 
$

 
$
20,926

Foreign currency forward contracts (2)
304

 

 
304

 

Total
$
21,230

 
$

 
$
304

 
$
20,926

As of December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in money market funds
$
38,054

 
$
38,054

 
$

 
$

Debt securities issued by the U.S. Treasury and other U.S. government corporations and agencies
1,452,358

 
1,419,280

 
33,078

 

Equity securities of public company
3,341

 

 
3,341

 

Foreign currency forward contracts (1)
71

 

 
71

 

Total
$
1,493,824

 
$
1,457,334

 
$
36,490

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent interest derivative on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
$
11,203

 
$

 
$

 
$
11,203

Foreign currency forward contracts (2)
765

 

 
765

 

Total
$
11,968

 
$

 
$
765

 
$
11,203

 
(1)
Included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(2)
Included in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

The fair value of the Company’s investments in money market funds approximates their face value. Such instruments are classified as Level 1 and are included in Cash and cash equivalents.
The fair value of the debt securities consisting of U.S. Treasury bills is based on their quoted market prices and are classified as Level 1. The fair value of the Company’s investments in other debt securities are obtained using the weighted average of available market prices for the underlying securities from various industry standard data providers, large financial institutions and other third-party sources and are classified as Level 2. Debt securities purchased with original maturities in excess of three months are included in Marketable securities.
The fair value of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts is based on foreign currency rates quoted by banks or foreign currency dealers and other public data sources.
 
The Company utilizes a valuation model to estimate the fair value of the contingent interest derivative on the subordinated convertible debentures due 2037 (“the Subordinated Convertible Debentures”). The inputs to the model include stock price, bond price, risk adjusted interest rates, volatility, and credit spread observations. As several significant inputs are not observable, the overall fair value measurement of the derivative is classified as Level 3. The volatility and credit spread assumptions used in the calculation are the most significant unobservable inputs. As of September 30, 2013 , the valuation of the contingent interest derivative assumed a volatility rate of approximately 26% . A hypothetical 5% increase or decrease in the volatility rate would not significantly change the fair value of the contingent interest derivative. The credit spread assumed in the valuation was

8


approximately 5% at September 30, 2013 . A hypothetical 1% increase or decrease in the credit spread would not significantly change the fair value of the contingent interest derivative.

The following table summarizes the change in the fair value of the Company’s contingent interest derivative on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Beginning balance
$
15,640

 
$
15,585

 
$
11,203

 
$
11,625

Unrealized loss on contingent interest derivative on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
5,286

 
3,167

 
9,723

 
7,127

Ending balance
$
20,926

 
$
18,752

 
$
20,926

 
$
18,752

Other
The Company’s other financial instruments include cash, accounts receivable, restricted cash, and accounts payable. As of September 30, 2013 , the carrying value of these financial instruments approximated their fair value. The fair values of the Company’s Subordinated Convertible Debentures and the senior notes due 2023 (the “Senior Notes”) as of September 30, 2013 , are $2.0 billion and $ 704.5 million , respectively, and are based on available market information from public data sources. The fair value measurement of the Company’s Subordinated Convertible Debentures and the Senior Notes are classified as Level 2.
Note 4. Other Balance Sheet Items
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following:  
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Prepaid expenses
$
13,941

 
$
15,413

Income tax and other receivables
14,602

 
15,056

Debt issuance costs
10,737

 

Other
573

 
326

Total prepaid expenses and other current assets
$
39,853

 
$
30,795

Other Long-Term Assets
Other long-term assets consist of the following:  
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Other tax receivable
$
5,811

 
$
5,811

Long-term investments
413

 
413

Debt issuance costs
11,983

 
11,516

Long-term restricted cash
8,455

 
4,509

Prepaid expenses and deposits
2,843

 
3,076

Total other long-term assets
$
29,505

 
$
25,325

Unamortized debt issuance costs related to the Senior Notes were $11.4 million and are included in Other long-term assets as of September 30, 2013 . Debt issuance costs related to the Company’s Subordinated Convertible Debentures were reclassified to Prepaid expenses and other current assets from Other long-term assets during the nine months ended September 30, 2013, as the related Subordinated Convertible Debentures were reclassified from long-term liabilities to current liabilities due to the fact that they are convertible at the option of each holder through December 31, 2013. Refer to Note 8, “Debt and Interest Expense” for further discussion of the Senior Notes and Subordinated Convertible Debentures.

9


Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consist of the following:  
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Accounts payable
$
23,986

 
$
23,519

Accrued employee compensation
40,827

 
38,778

Customer deposits, net
19,495

 
19,321

Taxes payable and other tax liabilities
25,322

 
21,918

Other accrued liabilities
35,796

 
26,855

Total accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
145,426

 
$
130,391

Accrued employee compensation primarily consists of liabilities for employee leave, salaries, payroll taxes, employee contributions to the employee stock purchase plan, and incentive compensation. Accrued employee incentive compensation as of December 31, 2012, was paid during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 . Other accrued liabilities include miscellaneous vendor payables, interest on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures which is paid semi-annually in arrears on August 15 and February 15, and interest on the Senior Notes which is paid semi-annually in arrears on May 1 and November 1.
Note 5. Stockholders’ Deficit
On July 24, 2013 , the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $518.7 million of common stock, in addition to the $481.3 million of its common stock remaining available for repurchase under the previous 2012 Share Buyback Program, for a total repurchase authorization of up to $1.0 billion of its common stock (collectively, the “ 2013 Share Buyback Program”). The 2013 Share Buyback Program has no expiration date. Purchases made under the 2013 Share Buyback Program could be effected through open market transactions, block purchases, accelerated share repurchase agreements or other negotiated transactions. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 the Company repurchased 6.8 million and 16.9 million shares of its common stock, respectively, at an average stock price of $48.87 and $47.14 , respectively. The aggregate cost of the repurchases under these programs in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $331.3 million and $797.1 million , respectively. As of September 30, 2013 , $697.1 million remained available for further repurchases under the 2013 Share Buyback Program.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , the Company placed 0.3 million shares, at an average stock price of $45.68 and for an aggregate cost of $13.0 million , into treasury stock for purposes related to tax withholdings upon vesting of Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”).
Since inception the Company has repurchased 182.5 million shares of its common stock for an aggregate cost of $5.7 billion , which is presented as a reduction of Additional paid-in capital.
Note 6. Calculation of Net Income per Share
The Company computes basic net income per share by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share gives effect to dilutive potential common shares, including the conversion spread relating to the Subordinated Convertible Debentures, unvested RSUs, outstanding stock options, and employee stock purchases, using the treasury stock method. The following table presents the computation of weighted-average shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding
141,701
 
156,261

 
147,567

 
157,729

Weighted-average potential shares of common stock outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Conversion spread related to the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
10,480
 
9,232

 
9,258

 
5,803

Unvested RSUs
669
 
806

 
664

 
744

Stock options
94
 
182

 
98

 
191

Employee stock purchase plan
7
 
94

 
19

 
73

Shares used to compute diluted net income per share
152,951
 
166,575

 
157,606

 
164,540


10


The following table presents the weighted-average potential shares of common stock that were excluded from the above calculation because their effect was anti-dilutive, and the respective weighted-average exercise prices of the weighted-average stock options outstanding:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Weighted-average stock options outstanding

 

 

 
39

Weighted-average exercise price
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
40.81

Weighted-average RSUs outstanding
1

 
13

 
101

 
6

Employee stock purchase plan
454

 
86

 
198

 
69

Performance based RSUs granted by the Company are excluded from the above calculation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding until the relevant performance criteria are achieved. There were less than 0.2 million such shares excluded from the calculation for each of the periods presented.
Note 7. Stock-based Compensation
Stock-based compensation is classified in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income in the same expense line items as cash compensation. The following table presents the classification of stock-based compensation:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Cost of revenues
$
1,524

 
$
1,491

 
$
4,639

 
$
4,479

Sales and marketing
1,442

 
1,697

 
4,656

 
5,046

Research and development
1,674

 
1,622

 
5,314

 
4,191

General and administrative
5,937

 
4,997

 
12,397

 
12,675

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
10,577

 
$
9,807

 
$
27,006

 
$
26,391

The following table presents the nature of the Company’s total stock-based compensation:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
RSUs
$
10,202

 
$
9,062

 
$
24,892

 
$
24,297

Employee stock purchase plan
1,130

 
1,253

 
4,262

 
3,361

Stock options

 
193

 
180

 
829

Capitalization (Included in Property and equipment, net)
(755
)
 
(701
)
 
(2,328
)
 
(2,096
)
Total stock-based compensation expense
$
10,577

 
$
9,807

 
$
27,006

 
$
26,391

Note 8. Debt and Interest Expense
Senior Notes due 2023
On April 16, 2013 , the Company issued $ 750.0 million principal amount of 4.625 % senior notes due May 1, 2023 at an issue price of 100 %. The Senior Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of April 16, 2013 (the “Indenture”), among the Company, each of the subsidiary guarantors party thereto and U.S. Bank National Association. The Indenture provides that the Senior Notes are general unsecured obligations of the Company. VeriSign Information Services, Inc. which was previously the sole guarantor of the Senior Notes at the time of issuance, was merged with VeriSign Inc. during the third quarter of 2013. The Company’s Restricted Subsidiaries (as defined in the Indenture) may be required to guarantee the Senior Notes if they incur or guarantee certain indebtedness. The Company used a portion of the net proceeds from the sale of the Senior Notes to repay in full the $ 100.0 million of outstanding indebtedness under its unsecured credit facility (“Unsecured Credit Facility”) and to pay accrued and unpaid interest thereunder. The Company has used the remaining amount of the net proceeds for general corporate purposes, including, but not limited to, the repurchase of shares under its share repurchase program. In connection with the offering the Company incurred $ 12.0 million of issuance costs which were deferred and

11


included in Other long-term assets. The issuance costs are being amortized to Interest expense over the 10 year term of the Senior Notes.
The Company will pay interest on the Senior Notes at 4.625 % per annum, semi-annually on May 1 and November 1, commencing on November 1, 2013. The Company may redeem all or a portion of the Senior Notes at any time prior to May 1, 2018 at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Senior Notes plus a make-whole premium, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. In addition, on or before May 1, 2018 , the Company may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the Senior Notes with the net proceeds of certain equity offerings at a redemption price of 104.625 % of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date, subject to compliance with certain conditions. The Company may redeem all or a portion of the Senior Notes at any time on or after May 1, 2018 at the applicable redemption prices set forth in the Indenture plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. If the Company experiences specific kinds of changes in control and if the Senior Notes are rated below investment grade by both rating agencies that rate the Senior Notes, the Company will be required to make an offer to purchase the Senior Notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the Senior Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of purchase.
The Indenture contains covenants that limit the ability of the Company and/or its Restricted Subsidiaries, under certain circumstances, to, among other things: (i) pay dividends or make distributions on, or redeem or repurchase, its capital stock; (ii) make certain investments; (iii) create liens on assets; (iv) enter into sale/leaseback transactions and (v) merge or consolidate or sell all or substantially all of its assets. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions. The Indenture also provides for events of default, which, if any of them occurs, may permit or, in certain circumstances, require the principal, premium, if any, accrued and unpaid interest and any other monetary obligations on all the then outstanding Notes to be due and payable immediately.
On April 16, 2013, the Company, and VeriSign Information Services, Inc., which was previously the sole guarantor of the Senior Notes at the time of issuance, entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with the Initial Purchasers that provided holders of the Senior Notes certain rights relating to registration of the Senior Notes under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).
In October 2013, the Company completed an exchange offer for all of its outstanding 4.625 % Senior Notes due May 1, 2023, which were not registered under the Securities Act, for an equal principal amount of its 4.625 % Senior Notes due May 1, 2023, which have been registered under the Securities Act on an effective exchange offer registration statement filed by the Company pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement.
Subordinated Convertible Debentures
In August 2007, Verisign issued $1.25 billion principal amount of 3.25% subordinated convertible debentures due August 15, 2037 , in a private offering. The Subordinated Convertible Debentures are initially convertible, subject to certain conditions, into shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion rate of 29.0968 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Subordinated Convertible Debentures, representing an initial effective conversion price of approximately $34.37 per share of common stock.
 
Holders of the debentures may convert their Subordinated Convertible Debentures at the applicable conversion rate, in multiples of $1,000 principal amount, only under the following circumstances:
 
during any fiscal quarter beginning after December 31, 2007, if the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock for at least 20 trading days during the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the applicable conversion price in effect on the last trading day of such preceding fiscal quarter (the “Conversion Price Threshold Trigger”), which currently is $ 44.68 ;

during the five business-day period after any 10 consecutive trading-day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of Subordinated Convertible Debentures for each day of that 10 consecutive trading-day period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock and the conversion rate on such day;

if the Company calls any or all of the Subordinated Convertible Debentures for redemption pursuant to the terms of the Indenture, at any time prior to the close of business on the trading day immediately preceding the redemption date;

upon the occurrence of any of several specified corporate transactions as specified in the Indenture governing the Subordinated Convertible Debentures; or

at any time on or after May 15, 2037 , and prior to the maturity date.

12


The Company’s common stock price again exceeded the Conversion Price Threshold Trigger in the third quarter of 2013. Accordingly, the Subordinated Convertible Debentures are convertible at the option of each holder through December 31, 2013. Further, in the event of conversion, the Company intends, and has the ability, to settle the principal amount of the Subordinated Convertible Debentures in cash, and therefore, has classified the debt component of the Subordinated Convertible Debentures and the embedded contingent interest derivative as current liabilities as of September 30, 2013. On a quarterly basis, the Company must make a determination of whether or not the Subordinated Convertible Debentures are convertible, and accordingly, assess the classification of the related liabilities and assets as long-term or current.
2011 Credit Facility
In April 2013, the Company repaid the $100.0 million of borrowings that were outstanding under the 2011 Credit Facility using proceeds from the issuance of the Senior Notes. The 2011 Credit Facility remains open and has an available borrowing capacity of $200.0 million .
Interest Expense
The following table presents the components of the Company’s interest expense:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Contractual interest on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
$
10,156

 
$
10,156

 
$
30,469

 
$
30,469

Contractual interest on Senior Notes
8,672

 

 
15,899

 

Amortization of debt discount on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
2,189

 
2,017

 
6,435

 
5,927

Credit facility and amortization of debt issuance costs
443

 
637

 
1,623

 
1,898

Interest capitalized to Property and equipment, net
(341
)
 
(191
)
 
(902
)
 
(755
)
     Total interest expense
$
21,119

 
$
12,619

 
$
53,524

 
$
37,539


Note 9. Non-operating Loss, Net
The following table presents the components of Non-operating loss, net:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Interest and dividend income
$
320

 
$
643

 
$
1,583

 
$
1,548

Unrealized loss on contingent interest derivative on Subordinated Convertible Debentures
(5,286
)
 
(3,167
)
 
(9,723
)
 
(7,127
)
Income from transition services agreements

 
362

 

 
2,541

Realized net (loss) gain on investments
(2
)
 
34

 
3,049

 
68

Other, net
376

 
386

 
883

 
(62
)
     Total non-operating loss, net
$
(4,592
)
 
$
(1,742
)
 
$
(4,208
)
 
$
(3,032
)
Interest and dividend income is earned principally from the Company’s surplus cash balances and marketable securities. Unrealized loss on the contingent interest derivative on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures reflects the change in value of the derivative that results primarily from changes in the Company’s stock price. Income from transition services agreements includes fees generated from services provided to the purchasers of divested businesses for a certain period of time to facilitate the transfer of business operations. All transition services were completed in 2012. Realized net gain on investments in the nine months ended September 30, 2013 includes a $3.0 million gain on the sale of an investment in the equity securities of a public company.

13


Note 10. Income Taxes
The following table presents income tax expense from continuing operations and the effective tax rate:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Income tax expense from continuing operations
$
26,104

 
$
24,882

 
$
88,025

 
$
70,005

Effective tax rate
24
%
 
24
%
 
26
%
 
25
%
The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 is lower than the statutory federal rate of 35% primarily due to tax benefits from foreign income taxed at lower rates, partially offset by state income taxes and non-deductible stock-based compensation.
As a result of the reclassification of the Company’s Subordinated Convertible Debentures to current liabilities, the Company reclassified the related deferred tax liability to current liabilities during the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Accordingly, for the U.S. federal and state tax jurisdictions, this resulted in a shift from a net current deferred tax asset position to a net current deferred tax liability position and from a net long-term deferred tax liability position to a net long-term deferred tax asset position as of September 30, 2013.
Note 11. Contingencies
Legal Proceedings
On March 5, 2012, a complaint entitled Warhanek v. Bidzos, et al., No. 12-263-RGA, was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The complaint asserts derivative claims on behalf of Verisign against current directors D. James Bidzos, William L. Chenevich, Roger H. Moore, Kathleen A. Cote, John D. Roach, Louis A. Simpson, Timothy Tomlinson and a former director, President and Chief Executive Officer Mark D. McLaughlin (the “Director Defendants”). The complaint also asserts one derivative claim against officers and certain former officers Richard H. Goshorn, Christine C. Brennan, and Kevin A. Werner (the “Executive Defendants,” and together with the Director Defendants and nominal defendant Verisign, the “Defendants”).
The complaint alleges that the Director Defendants fraudulently obtained shareholder approval of certain incentive-based compensation plans by misrepresenting the tax deductibility of certain compensation paid to Verisign’s executive officers, including the Executive Defendants. Verisign adopted and obtained shareholder approval of several incentive-based compensation plans, including a 2010 Annual Incentive Compensation Plan (“AICP”), and an Amended and Restated VeriSign, Inc. 2006 Equity Incentive Plan (“2006 Plan”) and these plans were submitted to shareholders for approval in the 2010 and 2011 Proxy Statements (the “Prior Proxy Statements”), respectively. The complaint alleges that the Prior Proxy Statements falsely disclosed, or failed to adequately disclose, the material terms under which performance-based compensation would be paid under the AICP and the 2006 Plan. The complaint further alleges that the Prior Proxy Statements falsely represented that certain compensation paid to certain employees in excess of $1 million would be tax deductible.
The complaint asserts derivative claims against the Director Defendants for (1) violations of Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act for making false statements in and omitting material facts from the Prior Proxy Statements; (2) breach of fiduciary duty; and (3) waste of corporate assets. The complaint asserts an additional derivative claim against the Director Defendants and Executive Defendants for unjust enrichment based on compensation payments they received under the AICP or the 2006 Plan, as disclosed in the Prior Proxy Statements. No demand was made on the Board to institute this action, and the complaint alleges that any such demand would be futile because each director is either interested or lacks independence with respect to the challenges to the AICP and 2006 Plan. The relief sought by the complaint includes, among other things, an order nullifying the shareholder approval of the AICP and the 2006 Plan, an injunction requiring correction of the alleged misrepresentations in the Company’s Prior Proxy Statements, and an order requiring equitable accounting, with disgorgement, in favor of the Company for the purported losses it has and will sustain. On May 25, 2012, the defendants filed motions to dismiss this action in its entirety. Oral arguments on the motions to dismiss took place on November 16, 2012. On September 18, 2013, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation recommending that the motions to dismiss be granted and that the plaintiff be permitted leave to amend the complaint. Thereafter, on October 17, 2013, plaintiff filed a Notice of Voluntary Dismissal.  On October 22, 2013, the Court issued an order holding the dismissal in abeyance and stating that the dismissal would be granted (without prejudice) twenty-one days after notice is made public if no shareholder intervenes.

14


Indemnifications
In connection with the sale of the Authentication Services business to Symantec in August 2010, the Company has agreed to indemnify Symantec for certain potential legal claims arising from the operation of the Authentication Services business for a period of sixty months after the closing of the sale transaction. The Company’s indemnification obligations in this regard are triggered only when indemnifiable claims exceed in the aggregate $4.0 million . Thereafter, the Company is obligated to indemnify Symantec for 50% of all indemnifiable claims. The Company’s maximum indemnification obligation with respect to these claims is capped at $50.0 million .
While certain legal proceedings and related indemnification obligations to which the Company is a party specify the amounts claimed, such claims may not represent reasonably possible losses. Given the inherent uncertainties of the litigation, the ultimate outcome of these matters cannot be predicted at this time, nor can the amount of possible loss or range of loss, if any, be reasonably estimated, except in circumstances where an aggregate litigation accrual has been recorded for probable and reasonably estimable loss contingencies. A determination of the amount of accrual required, if any, for these contingencies is made after careful analysis of each matter. The required accrual may change in the future due to new developments in each matter or changes in approach such as a change in settlement strategy in dealing with these matters. The Company does not believe that any such matter currently being reviewed will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Verisign is involved in various other investigations, claims and lawsuits arising in the normal conduct of its business, none of which, in its opinion, will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. The Company cannot assure you that it will prevail in any litigation. Regardless of the outcome, any litigation may require the Company to incur significant litigation expense and may result in significant diversion of management attention.    

15


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
You should read the following discussion in conjunction with the interim unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including, among other things, statements regarding our anticipated costs and expenses and revenue mix. Forward-looking statements include, among others, those statements including the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “believes” and similar language. Our actual results may differ significantly from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should also carefully review the risks described in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q or Current Reports on Form 8-K that we file in 2013 and our 2012 Form 10-K, which was filed on February 28, 2013, which discuss our business in greater detail. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to the forward-looking statements or reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document.
Overview
We are a global provider of domain name registry services which power the navigation of the Internet by operating a global infrastructure for a portfolio of top-level domains that includes . com , . net , . tv , . edu , . gov , . jobs , . name and . cc as well as two of the world’s 13 Internet root servers (“Registry Services”). Our product suite also includes NIA Services consisting of DDoS Protection Services, iDefense and Managed DNS. We have one reportable segment consisting of Registry Services and NIA Services. As of September 30, 2013 , we had approximately 125.9 million domain names registered under the .com and .net registries, our principal registries. The number of domain names registered is largely driven by continued growth in online advertising, e-commerce, and the number of Internet users, which is partially driven by greater availability of broadband, as well as advertising and promotional activities carried out by us and third-party registrars. Recently, growth in the number of domain names has been hindered by certain factors, including the overall economic conditions and ongoing changes to search algorithms used by Google and other Internet search engines that negatively affect the profitability of certain types of websites, and as a result, reduce demand for new domain name registrations and renewals. Revenues from NIA Services are not significant in relation to our consolidated revenues.
Business Highlights and Trends
We recorded revenues of $243.7 million and $719.5 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 , respectively. This represents an increase of 9% and 12% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 , respectively, as compared to the same periods in 2012.
During the three months ended September 30, 2013 , domain names registered under the . com and . net TLDs increased by 1.6 million to end the quarter at 125.9 million active domain names which was an increase of 5% of active domain names from September 30, 2012.
In July 2013, we announced an increase in the domain name registration fees for the . net TLD from $5.62 to $6.18, effective February 1, 2014, per our agreement with ICANN.
We recorded operating income of $132.7 million and $ 398.1 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 , respectively. This represents an increase of 14% and 24% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 , respectively, as compared to the same periods in 2012.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 , we repurchased approximately 6.8 million and 16.9 million shares, respectively, of our common stock under our Share Buyback Programs for $331.3 million and $797.1 million , respectively. On July 24, 2013, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $518.7 million of common stock, in addition to the $481.3 million of our common stock remaining available for repurchase under the 2012 Share Buyback Program, for a total repurchase authorization of up to $1.0 billion of our common stock (collectively, the “2013 Share Buyback Program”). As of September 30, 2013 , $697.1 million remained available for further repurchases under the 2013 Share Buyback Program.
Through October 23, 2013, we repurchased an additional 0.7 million shares for $37.9 million under the 2013 Share Buyback Program.
We generated cash flows from operating activities of $432.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , an increase of 18% as compared to the same period last year.

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Table of Contents

We expect to liquidate for tax purposes one of our domestic subsidiaries during the fourth quarter of 2013, which we expect will allow us to claim a worthless stock deduction on our 2013 federal income tax return.   If claimed, based on our preliminary estimates, we expect to record an income tax benefit during the fourth quarter of 2013, ranging from approximately $300.0 million to $400.0 million, related to the worthless stock deduction, net of valuation allowances and uncertain tax positions recorded as required under U.S. GAAP.  The worthless stock deduction may be subject to audit and adjustment by the IRS, which could result in reversal of all, part or none of the income tax benefit, or could result in a benefit higher than the net amount we initially record.  We cannot guarantee that the liquidation of this subsidiary will occur as described, or at all, or what the ultimate outcome, use or amount of benefit we receive, if any, will be. The financial statement carrying value of this subsidiary is not material.
While we expect our domestic operations to generate sufficient taxable income to fully use the tax benefits of the ordinary loss from the worthless stock deduction, we are analyzing and evaluating various scenarios for realizing the benefits.  Although our current intent remains to indefinitely reinvest outside of the U.S. those funds held by foreign subsidiaries that have not been previously taxed in the U.S. and accordingly we have not provided deferred U.S. taxes for such funds, we anticipate reevaluating our overall business structure and financing of foreign operations as a part of this analysis.  If the conclusion of this analysis results in a change to our current strategy related to foreign operations, we may be required to accrue for an additional U.S. tax obligation although we cannot predict what such amount, if any, may be.  Based upon the audited statutory financial statements of our foreign subsidiaries as of December 31, 2012, on a combined basis our foreign subsidiaries have up to approximately $600.0 million of distributable capital under applicable foreign statutes.  We do not know what the ultimate outcome, if any, will be resulting from this analysis and evaluation for realizing the benefits.
Domain Name Information
Pursuant to our agreements with ICANN, Verisign makes available on its website at www.verisigninc.com/zone files containing all active domain names registered in the .com and .net registries. At the same website address, Verisign makes available a summary of the number of active domain names registered in the . com and . net registries and the number of . com and . net domain names that are registered but are not configured for use. These files and the related summary data are updated at least once per day. The update times may vary each day. The summary data provided on the website includes domain names that, at the time of publication, were recently purchased and subject to a five day grace period during which the domain names may be deleted and a credit may be issued to a registrar (the “add grace period”). The number of active domain names subject to the add grace period is typically immaterial. The numbers provided in this Form 10-Q are the numbers as of midnight of the date reported, include domain names registered but not configured for use, and do not include domain names subject to the add grace period and therefore cannot be compared to the summary posted on our website. Information available on, or accessible through, this website is not incorporated herein by reference.

Results of Operations
The following table presents information regarding our results of operations as a percentage of revenues:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Revenues
100
 %
 
100
 %
 
100
 %
 
100
 %
Costs and expenses:
 
 

 
 
 
 
Cost of revenues
19

 
19

 
20

 
20

Sales and marketing
9

 
10

 
9

 
12

Research and development
7

 
7

 
7

 
7

General and administrative
10

 
12

 
9

 
11

Total costs and expenses
45

 
48

 
45

 
50

Operating income
55

 
52

 
55

 
50

Interest expense
(9
)
 
(6
)
 
(7
)
 
(6
)
Non-operating loss, net
(2
)
 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
44

 
45

 
47

 
44

Income tax expense
(11
)
 
(11
)
 
(12
)
 
(11
)
Income from continuing operations, net of tax
33

 
34

 
35

 
33

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
1

 

 

Net income
33
 %
 
35
 %
 
35
 %
 
33
 %

17

Table of Contents

Revenues
Revenues related to our Registry Services are primarily derived from registrations for domain names in the .com, .net, .cc, .tv , . name, .gov, and .jobs domain name registries. Revenues from .cc, .tv, .name, .gov, and .jobs are not significant in relation to our consolidated revenues. For domain names registered with the .com  and .net registries, we receive a fee from third-party registrars per annual registration that is fixed pursuant to our agreements with ICANN. Individual customers, called registrants, contract directly with third-party registrars or their resellers, and the third-party registrars in turn register the .com , .net , .cc , .tv , .name and .jobs domain names with Verisign. Changes in revenues are driven largely by changes in the number of new domain name registrations and the renewal rate for existing registrations as well as the impact of new and prior price increases, to the extent permitted, by ICANN and the DOC. New registrations and the renewal rate for existing registrations are impacted by continued growth in online advertising, e-commerce, and the number of Internet users, which is partially driven by greater availability of broadband, as well as advertising and promotional activities carried out by us and third-party registrars. On January 15, 2012, we increased our .com domain name registration fees by 7% from $7.34 to $7.85 and . net domain name registration fees by 10% from $4.65 to $5.11. Effective July 1, 2013, the registry fee for . net domain names increased from $5.11 to $5.62 and effective February 1, 2014, .net domain name registration fees will increase from $5.62 to $6.18. We have the contractual right to increase the fees for .net domain name registrations by up to 10% each year during the term of our . net agreement with ICANN through June 30, 2017. The price of . com domain names is fixed at $7.85 for the duration of the current . com Registry Agreement through November 30, 2018, except that prices may be raised by up to 7% each year due to the imposition of any new Consensus Policy or documented extraordinary expense resulting from an attack or threat of attack on the Security and Stability (each as defined in the . com Registry Agreement) subject to approval of the DOC. We offer promotional marketing programs for our registrars based upon market conditions and the business environment in which the registrars operate. All revenues paid to us for .com and .net registrations are in U.S. dollars. Revenues from NIA Services are not significant in relation to our total consolidated revenues.
A comparison of revenues is presented below:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Revenues
$
243,678

 
9
%
 
$
223,528

 
$
719,457

 
12
%
 
$
643,396

The following table compares domain names ending in .com and .net managed by our Registry Services business:
 
September 30, 2013
 
% Change
 
September 30, 2012
Active domain names ending in .com  and .net
125.9 million
 
5
%
 
119.9 million

Revenues increased by $ 20.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to an increase of $17.7 million from the operation of the registries for the . com and .net TLDs and a $2.5 million increase from other registry and non-registry related service revenues. Revenues increased by $76.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to an increase of $66.9 million from the operation of the registries for the . com and .net TLDs and a $9.1 million increase from other revenues. The increase in revenues from operation of the registries for the . com and . net TLDs is primarily due to a 5% increase in the number of domain names ending in . com and . net and increases in the . com domain name registration fees in January 2012 and . net domain name registration fees in January 2012 and July 2013 per our agreements with ICANN.
The growth in the number of active domain names was primarily driven by continued Internet growth and new domain name promotional programs. We expect to see continued growth in the number of active domain names in 2013 as a result of further Internet growth. In addition we expect to see continued growth internationally in the domain name base, resulting from greater broadband availability, Internet adoption, and expanding e-commerce, especially in certain emerging markets that we have targeted through our marketing programs. However, recently the ongoing economic uncertainty has limited the rate of growth of the domain name base and may continue to do so in the future. Further, according to published reports, Google has made, and may continue to make changes to its search algorithm, which may decrease traffic to certain websites, and pay-per-click advertising policies, which may provide less compensation for certain types of websites. This could make such websites less profitable and hinder domain name registration growth. We believe these algorithm changes have and may continue to have a negative effect on the first time renewal rate for registrations. Although growth in the domain name base may be limited by these factors, we expect revenues will continue to increase in fiscal 2013 as compared to fiscal 2012 as a result of continued growth in the number of active domain names ending in . com and . net and increases in the . com domain name registration fees in January 2012 and . net domain name registration fees in January 2012 and July 2013.

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Table of Contents

During the first half of 2012, ICANN began the application process for new gTLDs, including new IDN gTLDs. The application period closed in May 2012, but the timing of new domain name registration opportunities is uncertain. We applied for 14 new gTLDs including 12 transliterations of . com and . net. In addition, applicants for approximately 220 new gTLDs originally selected us to provide back-end registry services. We continue to contract with applicants for approximately 200 new gTLDs to provide back-end registry services. We cannot predict whether we will be successful in becoming the registry for all or any of the gTLDs for which we submitted applications or whether any of the applications that remain active for which we would serve as the back-end service provider will be successful. Further, ICANN has stated that it will need to limit the maximum number of new gTLDs that may be delegated in a year to 1,000 which could delay the activation of some approved new gTLDs. The application process and availability of domain name registrations for approved new gTLDs applied for by us or our customers, and the timing of revenue generation, if any, from these gTLDs is uncertain. We do not expect to generate significant revenues, if any, from new gTLDs before 2014.
We cannot assess the impact, if any, the introduction of these new gTLDs will have on our revenues and results of operations. See Item 1A. “Risk Factors—We may face additional competition, operational and other risks from the introduction of new gTLDs by ICANN, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows,” of this Form 10-Q.
Geographic revenues
We generate revenues in the U.S.; Australia, China, India and other Asia Pacific countries (“APAC”); Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”); and certain other countries including Canada and Latin American countries.
The following table presents a comparison of our geographic revenues:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
U.S.
148,408

 
9
 %
 
$
135,627

 
435,065

 
11
%
 
$
390,734

EMEA
43,483

 
26
 %
 
34,453

 
125,587

 
28
%
 
97,867

APAC
31,752

 
(4
)%
 
33,109

 
97,932

 
1
%
 
96,954

Other
20,035

 
(1
)%
 
20,339

 
60,873

 
5
%
 
57,841

Total revenues
$
243,678

 
 
 
$
223,528

 
$
719,457

 
 
 
$
643,396

Revenues for our Registry Services business are attributed to the country of domicile and the respective regions in which our registrars are located, however, this may differ from the regions where the registrars operate or where registrants are located. Revenue growth for each region may be impacted by registrars reincorporating, relocating, or from acquisitions or changes in affiliations of resellers. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 revenue growth in EMEA benefited from several such changes while revenue in APAC was negatively impacted.
Cost of revenues
Cost of revenues consist primarily of salaries and employee benefits expenses for our personnel who manage the operational systems, depreciation expenses, operational costs associated with the delivery of our services, fees paid to ICANN, customer support and training, consulting and development services, costs of facilities and computer equipment used in these activities, telecommunications expense and allocations of indirect costs such as corporate overhead.
A comparison of cost of revenues is presented below:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Cost of revenues
$
46,554

 
12
%
 
$
41,460

 
$
140,438

 
12
%
 
$
125,560

Cost of revenues increased during the three months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to increases in registry fees, depreciation expenses and salary and employee benefits expenses. Registry fees increased by $2.2 million, due to an increase in the . com registry fees paid to ICANN under the renewed .com Registry Agreement which became effective in the fourth quarter of 2012. Depreciation expenses increased by $1.4 million due to an increase in purchases of equipment and hardware to support our infrastructure and the impact of the change in the estimated useful lives of computer hardware and equipment assets from 3 years to 4 years beginning in 2012. Salary and employee benefits expenses increased by $1.3 million, primarily due to an increase in bonus expenses.

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Cost of revenues increased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to increases in registry fees, depreciation expenses and salary and employee benefits expenses. Registry fees increased by $7.7 million due to an increase in the . com registry fees paid to ICANN under the renewed . com Registry Agreement. Depreciation expenses increased by $5.9 million due to an increase in purchases of equipment and hardware, the acceleration of depreciation on an abandoned software product, and the impact of the change in the estimated useful lives of computer hardware and equipment assets from 3 years to 4 years beginning in 2012. Salary and employee benefits expenses increased primarily due to an increase in bonus expenses.
We expect cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues to remain consistent during the remainder of 2013 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013 .
Sales and marketing
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of salaries, sales commissions, sales operations and other personnel-related expenses, travel and related expenses, gTLD application costs, trade shows, costs of lead generation, costs of computer and communications equipment and support services, facilities costs, consulting fees, costs of marketing programs, such as online, television, radio, print and direct mail advertising costs, and allocations of indirect costs such as corporate overhead.
A comparison of sales and marketing expenses is presented below:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Sales and marketing
$
22,900

 
 %
 
$
22,928

 
$
64,273

 
(17
)%
 
$
77,056

Sales and marketing expenses remained consistent during the three months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year.
Sales and marketing expenses decreased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to decreases in consulting and advertising expenses, salary and employee benefits expenses, travel expenses, allocated overhead expenses, and also due to fees paid to ICANN in connection with applications for new gTLDs during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 . Consulting and advertising expenses decreased by $5.8 million due to the timing of marketing initiatives in our Registry Services business. Salary and employee benefits expenses, including stock-based compensation expenses, travel expenses and allocated overhead expenses decreased by $3.1 million as a result of reduced headcount. In the nine months ended September 30, 2012 , we incurred fees of $2.6 million related to applications for new gTLDs.
We expect sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenues to increase during the remainder of 2013 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013 as the volume of marketing initiatives increases.
Research and development
Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs related to research and development personnel, including salaries and other personnel-related expenses, consulting fees, facilities costs, computer and communications equipment, support services used in our service and technology development, and allocations of indirect costs such as corporate overhead.
A comparison of research and development expenses is presented below:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Research and development
$
17,456

 
13
%
 
$
15,409

 
$
52,531

 
15
%
 
$
45,635

Research and development expenses increased during the three months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to a $1.6 million increase in salary and employee benefits expenses, including stock-based compensation expenses, due to an increase in average headcount to support the development of our DNS infrastructure and other new services and an increase in bonus expenses.

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Research and development expenses increased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to a $7.6 million increase in salary and employee benefits expenses, including stock-based compensation expenses and allocated overhead costs, partially offset by a $2.1 million decrease in contract and professional services expenses. Salary and employee benefits expenses, including stock-based compensation expenses and allocated overhead costs increased due to an increase in average headcount to support the development of our DNS infrastructure and other new services and an increase in bonus expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Contract and professional services expenses decreased due to lower consulting costs on various projects.
We expect research and development expenses as a percentage of revenues to remain consistent during the remainder of 2013 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013 .
General and administrative
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and other personnel-related expenses for our executive, administrative, legal, finance, information technology and human resources personnel, costs of facilities, computer and communications equipment, management information systems, support services, professional services fees, certain tax and license fees, and bad debt expense, offset by allocations of indirect costs such as facilities and shared services expenses to other cost types.
A comparison of general and administrative expenses is presented below:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
2013
 
% Change
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
General and administrative
$
24,055

 
(13
)%
 
$
27,669

 
$
64,157

 
(13
)%
 
$
73,903

General and administrative expenses decreased during the three months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to a decrease in legal expenses. Legal expenses were $4.0 million higher in the three months ended September 30, 2012, primarily due to legal support related to the Department of Commerce (“DOC”) review of the renewal of the . com Registry Agreement, litigation expenses, and patent and trademark application expenses
General and administrative expenses decreased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , as compared to the same period last year, primarily due to decreases in legal expenses, contract and professional services expenses, and occupancy expenses, partially offset by an increase in salary and employee benefits expenses. Legal expenses were $8.0 million higher in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 due to costs related to litigation, patent and trademark applications and legal support related to the 2012 DOC review of the renewal of the . com Registry Agreement. Contract and professional services expenses decreased by $2.4 million due to consulting costs incurred in 2012 to support the DOC’s review of the renewal of the .com Registry Agreement and a decrease in other outsourced services. Occupancy expenses decreased by $2.1 million as a result of the reversal of certain accrued expenses upon the resolution of a dispute related to a vacated office lease and a reduction in leased space. Salary and employee benefits expenses increased by $3.6 million as a result of an increase in bonus expenses and an increase in average headcount.
We expect general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues to remain consistent during the remainder of 2013 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013 .

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Interest expense
The following table presents the components of Interest expense:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Contractual interest on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
$
10,156

 
$
10,156

 
$
30,469

 
$
30,469

Contractual interest on Senior Notes
8,672

 

 
15,899

 

Amortization of debt discount on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures
2,189

 
2,017

 
6,435

 
5,927

Credit facility and amortization of debt issuance costs
443

 
637

 
1,623

 
1,898

Interest capitalized to Property and equipment, net
(341
)
 
(191
)
 
(902
)
 
(755
)
     Total interest expense
$
21,119

 
$
12,619

 
$
53,524

 
$
37,539

Contractual interest on the Senior Notes during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 is the result of the issuance of the Senior Notes in April 2013. We expect interest expense as a percentage of revenues to increase during the remainder of 2013 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013 due to the additional interest payable on the Senior Notes. See Note 8, “Debt and Interest Expense” of our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Non-operating loss, net
The following table presents the components of Non-operating loss, net:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Interest and dividend income
$
320

 
$
643

 
$
1,583

 
$
1,548

Unrealized loss on contingent interest derivative on Subordinated Convertible Debentures
(5,286
)
 
(3,167
)
 
(9,723
)
 
(7,127
)
Income from transition services agreements

 
362

 

 
2,541

Realized net (loss) gain on investments
(2
)
 
34

 
3,049

 
68

Other, net
376

 
386

 
883

 
(62
)
     Total non-operating loss, net
$
(4,592
)
 
$
(1,742
)
 
$
(4,208
)
 
$
(3,032
)
Interest and dividend income is earned principally from our surplus cash balances and marketable securities. Unrealized gains (losses) on the contingent interest derivative on the Subordinated Convertible Debentures reflect the change in value of the derivative that result primarily from changes in our stock price. Income from transition services agreements includes fees generated from services provided to the purchasers of divested businesses for a certain period of time to facilitate the transfer of business operations. All transition services were completed in 2012. Realized net gain on investments in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 includes a $3.0 million gain on the sale of an investment in the equity securities of a public company.

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Income tax expense
The following table presents income tax expense from continuing operations and the effective tax rate:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Income tax expense from continuing operations
$
26,104

 
$
24,882

 
$
88,025

 
$
70,005

Effective tax rate
24
%
 
24
%
 
26
%
 
25
%
The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 is lower than the statutory federal rate of 35% primarily due to tax benefits from foreign income taxed at lower rates, partially offset by state income taxes and non-deductible stock-based compensation.
We expect to liquidate for tax purposes one of our domestic subsidiaries during the fourth quarter of 2013, which we expect will allow us to claim a worthless stock deduction on our 2013 federal income tax return. If claimed, based on our preliminary estimates, we expect to record an income tax benefit during the fourth quarter of 2013, ranging from approximately $300.0 million to $400.0 million, related to the worthless stock deduction, net of valuation allowances and uncertain tax positions recorded as required under U.S. GAAP. The worthless stock deduction may be subject to audit and adjustment by the IRS, which could result in reversal of all, part or none of the income tax benefit, or could result in a benefit higher than the net amount we initially record. We cannot guarantee that the liquidation of this subsidiary will occur as described, or at all, or what the ultimate outcome, use or amount of benefit we receive, if any, will be. The financial statement carrying value of this subsidiary is not material.
While we expect our domestic operations to generate sufficient taxable income to fully use the tax benefits of the ordinary loss from the worthless stock deduction, we are analyzing and evaluating various scenarios for realizing the benefits. Although our current intent remains to indefinitely reinvest outside of the U.S. those funds held by foreign subsidiaries that have not been previously taxed in the U.S. and accordingly have not provided deferred U.S. taxes for such funds, we anticipate reevaluating our overall business structure and financing of foreign operations as a part of this analysis. If the conclusion of this analysis results in a change to our current strategy related to foreign operations, we may be required to accrue for an additional US tax obligation although we cannot predict what such amount, if any, may be. Based upon the audited statutory financial statements of our foreign subsidiaries as of December 31, 2012, on a combined basis our foreign subsidiaries have up to approximately $600.0 million of distributable capital under applicable foreign statutes. We do not know what the ultimate outcome, if any, will be resulting from this analysis and evaluation for realizing the benefits.
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
Income from discontinued operations before income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 primarily represents the reversal of certain retained liabilities related to the prior operations of a divested business.


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Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents
$
117,591

 
$
130,736

Marketable securities
1,689,223

 
1,425,700

Total
$
1,806,814

 
$
1,556,436

As of September 30, 2013 , our principal source of liquidity was $117.6 million of cash and cash equivalents and $1.7 billion of marketable securities. The marketable securities consist of debt securities issued by the U.S. Treasury meeting the criteria of our investment policy, which is focused on the preservation of our capital through investment in investment grade securities. The cash equivalents consist mainly of amounts invested in money market funds and U.S. Treasury bills purchased with original maturities of less than 90 days. During the three months ended September 30, 2013, we sold our debt securities with maturities in excess of one year. As of September 30, 2013, all of our marketable securities have contractual maturities of less than one year. Our cash and cash equivalents are readily accessible. For additional information on our investment portfolio, see Note 2, “Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Marketable Securities,” of our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
As of September 30, 2013 , the amount of cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities held by foreign subsidiaries was $1.4 billion. As described in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Results of Operations-Income tax expense,” we expect to claim a worthless stock deduction on our 2013 federal income tax return and record, during the fourth quarter of 2013, an income tax benefit of approximately $300.0 million to $400.0 million, net of valuation allowances and uncertain tax positions recorded as required under U.S. GAAP. While we expect our domestic operations to generate sufficient taxable income to fully use the tax benefits of the ordinary loss from the worthless stock deduction, we are analyzing and evaluating strategies for realizing the benefits. Although our current intent remains to indefinitely reinvest outside of the U.S. those funds held by foreign subsidiaries that have not been previously taxed in the U.S. and accordingly we have not provided deferred U.S. taxes for such funds, we anticipate reevaluating our overall business structure and financing of foreign operations as a part of this analysis. If the conclusion of this analysis results in a change to our current strategy related to foreign operations, we may be required to accrue for an additional U.S. tax obligation although we cannot predict what such amount, if any, may be. Based upon the audited statutory financial statements of our foreign subsidiaries as of December 31, 2012, on a combined basis our foreign subsidiaries have up to approximately $600.0 million of distributable capital under applicable foreign statutes. We do not know what the ultimate outcome, if any, will be resulting from this analysis and evaluation for realizing the benefits.
On April 16, 2013, we issued $750.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.625% senior unsecured notes due 2023 in a private offering. The Senior Notes will mature in May 2023. We used a portion of the net proceeds to repay the $100.0 million of outstanding indebtedness under our unsecured revolving credit facility. The remaining portion of the proceeds have been used for general corporate purposes including, the repurchase of shares under the 2013 Share Buyback Program. The unsecured revolving credit facility remains available with a borrowing capacity of $200.0 million.
As of September 30, 2013 , we had $1.25 billion principal amount outstanding of 3.25% subordinated convertible debentures due 2037 (See Note 8 “Debt and Interest Expense” of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q).
The price of our common stock continued to exceed the Conversion Price Threshold Trigger during the third quarter of 2013. Accordingly, the Subordinated Convertible Debentures are convertible at the option of the holder through December 31, 2013. We do not expect a material amount of the Subordinated Convertible Debentures to be converted in the near term as the trading price of the debentures exceeds the value that is likely to be received upon conversion. However, we cannot provide any assurance that the trading price of the debentures will continue to exceed the value that would be derived upon conversion or that the holders will not elect to convert the Subordinated Convertible Debentures.
If a holder elects to convert its Subordinated Convertible Debentures, we are permitted under the Indenture to pursue an exchange in lieu of conversion or to settle the conversion value (as defined in the Indenture) in cash, stock, or a combination thereof. If we choose not to pursue or cannot complete an exchange in lieu of conversion, we currently have the intent and the ability (based on current facts and circumstances) to settle the principal amount of the Subordinated Convertible Debentures in cash. However, if the principal amount of the Subordinated Convertible Debentures that holders actually elect to convert exceeds our cash on hand and cash from operations, we will need to draw cash from existing financing or pursue additional sources of financing to settle the Subordinated Convertible Debentures in cash. We cannot provide any assurances that we will be able to obtain new sources of financing on terms acceptable to us or at all, nor can we assure that we will be able to obtain such financing in time to settle the Subordinated Convertible Debentures that holders elect to convert.

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We believe existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, and funds generated from operations, together with our borrowing capacity under the unsecured revolving credit facility should be sufficient to meet our working capital, capital expenditure requirements, and to service our debt for at least the next 12 months. We regularly assess our cash management approach and activities in view of our current and potential future needs.
In summary, our cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 are as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
431,957

 
$
366,871

Net cash used in investing activities
(317,085
)
 
(1,226,063
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(125,014
)
 
(183,864
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(3,003
)
 
162

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
$
(13,145
)
 
$
(1,042,894
)
Cash flows from operating activities
Our largest source of operating cash flows is cash collections from our customers. Our primary uses of cash from operating activities are for personnel related expenditures, and other general operating expenses, as well as payments related to taxes, interest and facilities.
Net cash provided by operating activities increased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 primarily due to a decrease in cash paid to employees and vendors and an increase in cash received from customers. Payments to employees and vendors decreased primarily due to a reduction in cash operating expenses and the timing of payments to vendors. Cash received from customers increased primarily due to an increase in new and renewed domain name registrations during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 .
Cash flows from investing activities
The changes in cash flows from investing activities primarily relate to purchases, maturities and sales of marketable securities, and purchases of property and equipment.
Net cash used in investing activities decreased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 , as we invested a large portion of our excess cash in marketable securities, consisting primarily of U.S. treasury bills, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. Additionally, purchases of property and equipment increased compared to the same period of the prior year as we continue to invest in our infrastructure.
Cash flows from financing activities
The changes in cash flows from financing activities primarily relate to share repurchases, proceeds from and repayments of borrowings, stock option exercises, our employee stock purchase plan (“ESPP”), and excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation.
Net cash used in financing activities decreased during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 primarily due to proceeds received from the issuance of the Senior Notes in April 2013 and an increase in realized excess tax benefits from exercises of stock options and vesting of RSUs, partially offset by an increase in the amount of share repurchases, repayment of outstanding indebtedness under our unsecured revolving credit facility, and a decrease in the proceeds from stock option exercises compared to the same period of the prior year.


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ITEM 3.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
In the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we sold all of our debt securities with contractual maturities in excess of one year. As of September 30, 2013, all of our marketable securities consist of debt securities issued by the U.S. Treasury with contractual maturities of less than one year. There have been no other significant changes in our market risk exposures since December 31, 2012.

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Based on our management’s evaluation, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and our Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer), as of September 30, 2013 , our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the three months ended September 30, 2013 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Inherent Limitations of Disclosure Controls and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Because of their inherent limitations, our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal control over financial reporting may not prevent material errors or fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. The effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal control over financial reporting is subject to risks, including that the control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with our policies or procedures may deteriorate.

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PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
 

ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
The information set forth under “Legal Proceedings” in Note 11, “Contingencies,” of our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1A.      RISK FACTORS
In addition to other information in this Form 10-Q, the following risk factors should be carefully considered in evaluating us and our business because these factors currently have a significant impact or may have a significant impact on our business, operating results or financial condition. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q as a result of the risk factors discussed below and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and in other filings we make with the SEC.
Risks relating to our business
Our operating results may fluctuate and our future revenues and profitability are uncertain.
Our operating results have varied in the past and may fluctuate significantly in the future as a result of a variety of factors, many of which are outside our control. These factors include the following:  
deterioration of global economic and financial conditions as well as their impact on e-commerce, financial services, and the communications and Internet industries;  
volume of new domain name registrations and renewals;  
our success in direct marketing and promotional campaigns and the impact of such campaigns on new registrations and renewal rates;  
in the case of our Registry Services business, any changes to the scope and success of marketing efforts by third-party registrars or their resellers;  
market acceptance of our services by our existing customers and by new customers;  
customer renewal rates and turnover of customers of our services, and in the case of our Registry Services business, the customers of the distributors of our services;  
continued development of our distribution channels for our products and services, both in the U.S. and abroad;  
the impact of price changes in our products and services or our competitors’ products and services;  
the impact of the removal of the right to increase prices for . com domain names in four of six years up to seven percent, as was permitted under the 2006 . com Registry Agreement;
the impact of decisions by distributors to offer competing or replacement products or modify or cease their marketing practices;
the impact of ICANN’s Registry Agreement for new gTLDs, which requires the distribution of new gTLDs only through registrars who have executed the new Registry Accreditation Agreement (“RAA”). 
the availability of alternatives to our products;  
seasonal fluctuations in business activity;  
ICANN’s plan for the introduction of new gTLDs could cause security, stability and resiliency problems that could substantially and permanently harm our business;
in the case of our NIA Services business, the long sales cycles for some of our services and the timing and execution of individual customer contracts;  
potential attacks, including hacktivism, by nefarious actors, which could threaten the reliability or the perceived reliability of our products and services;
potential attacks on the service offerings of our distributors, such as DDoS attacks, which could limit the availability of their service offerings and their ability to offer our products and services;
changes in policies regarding Internet administration imposed by governments or governmental authorities inside or outside the U.S.;  
potential disruptions in regional registration behaviors due to catastrophic natural events or armed conflict;
changes in the level of spending for information technology-related products and services by our customers; and  
the uncertainties, costs and risks as a result of the sale of our Authentication Services business, including costs related to any retained liability related to existing and future claims.  
Our operating expenses may increase. If an increase in our expenses is not accompanied by a corresponding increase in our revenues, our operating results will suffer, particularly as revenues from some of our services are recognized ratably over the term of the service, rather than immediately when the customer pays for them, unlike our sales and marketing expenditures, which are expensed in full when incurred.

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Any or all of the above factors could impact our revenues and operating results. Therefore, we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our operating results may not necessarily be meaningful. Also, operating results may fall below our expectations and the expectations of securities analysts or investors in one or more future periods. If this were to occur, the market price of our common stock would likely decline.
Our operating results may continue to be adversely affected as a result of unfavorable market, economic, social and political conditions.
An unstable global economic, social and political environment may have a negative impact on demand for our services, our business and our foreign operations, including the ongoing hostilities in the Middle East, natural disasters, the eurozone crisis, currency fluctuations, potential fallout from the disclosures related to the U.S. Internet and communications surveillance and the uncertainties of the U.S. economic environment. For example, recently the ongoing economic instability in Europe has possibly limited the rate of growth of the domain name base and may continue to do so in the future. In addition, the economic, social and political environment has or may negatively impact, among other things:
 
our customers’ continued growth and development of their businesses and our customers’ ability to continue as going concerns or maintain their businesses, which could affect demand for our products and services;  
current and future demand for our services, including decreases as a result of reduced spending on information technology and communications by our customers;  
price competition for our products and services;  
the price of our common stock;  
our liquidity;  
our ability to service our debt, to obtain financing or assume new debt obligations;  
our ability to obtain payment for outstanding debts owed to us by our customers or other parties with whom we do business; and  
our ability to execute on any share repurchase plans.
In addition, to the extent that the economic, social and political environment impacts specific industry and geographic sectors in which many of our customers are concentrated, that may further negatively impact our business. If the market, economic, social and political conditions in the U.S. and globally do not improve, or if they further deteriorate, we may experience material adverse impacts on our business, operating results, financial position and cash flows as a consequence of the above factors or otherwise.
The operation of our business depends on numerous factors.     
The successful operation of our business depends on numerous factors, many of which are not entirely under our control, including, but not limited to, the following:
the use of the Internet and other IP networks, and the extent to which domain names and the DNS are used for e-commerce and communications;  
changes in Internet user behavior, Internet platforms, mobile devices and web-browsing patterns;  
growth in demand for our services;  
the competition for any of our services;  
the perceived security of e-commerce and communications over the Internet;  
the perceived security of our services, technology, infrastructure and practices;  
the loss of customers through industry consolidation or customer decisions to deploy in-house or competitor technology and services;  
our continued ability to maintain our current, and enter into additional, strategic relationships;  
our ability to successfully market our services to new and existing distributors and customers;
our ability to develop new products, services or other offerings;  
our success in attracting, integrating, training, retaining and motivating qualified personnel;  
our response to competitive developments;  
the successful introduction, and acceptance by our current or new customers, of new products and services, including our NIA Services;
potential disruptions in regional registration behaviors due to catastrophic natural events, armed conflict and currency fluctuations;  
seasonal fluctuations in business activity;  
our ability to implement remedial actions in response to any attacks by nefarious actors; and  
the successful introduction of enhancements to our services to address new technologies and standards, alternatives to our products and services and changing market conditions.

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Substantially all of our revenue is derived from our Registry Services business. Limitations on our ability to raise prices on .com registrations and any failure to renew key agreements could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our Registry Services business, which derives most of its revenues from registration fees for domain names, generates substantially all of our revenue. If there is a disruption in the Registry Services business, including any disruption from changes in the domain name industry, changes in or challenges to our agreements with ICANN, including any changes resulting from legal challenges to these agreements, changes in our customers’ or Internet users’ preferences, a downturn in the economy or changes in technology related to the use of domain names, there may be a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. In addition, a failure of the DOC to approve the renewal of the .com Registry Agreement prior to the expiration of its current term on November 30, 2018 could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Under the terms of the Cooperative Agreement, the Company has the right to petition for potential relief from the . com Registry Agreement’s pricing restrictions. However, there is uncertainty whether the DOC will approve any exercise by the Company of its right to increase the price per .com domain name under certain circumstances and whether the Company will be able to successfully demonstrate to the DOC that market conditions warrant removal of the pricing restrictions on .com domain names, each of which could materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations. There is also uncertainty of future revenue and profitability and potential fluctuations in quarterly operating results due to the potential increase in expenses and costs coupled with such factors as restrictions on increasing prices under the .com Registry Agreement and the Cooperative Agreement or any other changes to pricing terms in these agreements upon renewal.
Issues arising from our agreements with ICANN, the DOC and the GSA could harm our Registry Services business.
We are parties to agreements (i) with the DOC with respect to certain aspects of the DNS, (ii) with ICANN and the DOC as the exclusive registry of domain names within the .com gTLD and (iii) with ICANN with respect to being the exclusive registry for the .net and .name gTLDs.
We face risks arising from our agreements with ICANN and the DOC, including the following:  
ICANN could adopt or promote policies, including Consensus Policies, procedures or programs that are unfavorable to us as the registry operator of the .com , .net and .name gTLDs, that are inconsistent with our current or future plans, or that affect our competitive position;  
ICANN has adopted registry agreements for new gTLDs that include the right for ICANN to amend the agreement without a registry operator’s consent, which could impose unfavorable contract obligations on us that could impact our plans and competitive positions with respect to new gTLDs. ICANN might seek to impose this same unilateral right to amend other registry agreements with us under certain conditions. ICANN has also included new mandatory obligations on registry operators that may increase the risks and potential liabilities associated with providing new gTLDs;
under certain circumstances, ICANN could terminate one or more of our agreements to be the registry for the .com , .net or .name gTLDs and the DOC could refuse to grant its approval to the renewal of the .com Registry Agreement on similar terms, or at all, and if any of the foregoing events occur, in the case of the .com and .net Registry Agreements, it would have a material adverse impact on our business;  
if we seek a price increase with respect to. com domain names during the term of the . com Registry Agreement or at the time of the renewal of the . com Registry Agreement, the DOC could refuse to approve price increases with respect to .com domain names;
the DOC’s or ICANN’s interpretation of provisions of our agreements with either of them could differ from ours;  
under certain circumstances, the GSA could terminate our agreement to be the registry for the .gov gTLD, which could have a material adverse impact on how the Registry Services business is perceived; and  
contracts within our Registry Services business face, and could continue to face challenges, including possible legal challenges resulting from our activities or the activities of ICANN, registrars, registrants and others, and any adverse outcome from such challenges could have a material adverse effect on our business.
In addition, under the .com , . net and . name Registry Agreements, as well as the Cooperative Agreement with the DOC, we are prohibited from holding a greater than 15% ownership interest in any ICANN accredited registrar. This prohibition on cross-ownership currently applies to most ICANN gTLDs, and ICANN is currently considering requests to remove the restriction from some of the gTLD registries.  This prohibition does not apply to ccTLDs and ICANN has adopted a proposal to allow, with certain exceptions, the operators of new gTLDs to also own, be owned 100% by, or otherwise be affiliated with, a registrar.

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The impact of these changes to the distribution channel is uncertain but could have a material adverse effect on our business if operators of new gTLDs or existing gTLDs are able to obtain competitive advantages through such vertical integration. If Verisign were to seek removal of the cross-ownership restriction contained in its agreements with ICANN with respect to new or existing gTLDs, it is uncertain whether ICANN and/or the DOC approval would be obtained.
 
Challenges to Internet administration or changes to our pricing terms could harm our Registry Services business.
Risks we face from challenges by third parties, including governmental authorities in the U.S. and other countries, to our role in the ongoing operation of the Internet include:  
legal, regulatory or other challenges could be brought, including challenges to the agreements governing our relationship with the DOC or ICANN, or to the legal authority underlying the roles and actions of the DOC, ICANN or us;  
the U.S. Congress could take action that is unfavorable to us;  
ICANN could fail to maintain its role, potentially resulting in instability in DNS administration;
ICANN is mandated by the Affirmation of Commitments by the DOC and ICANN to uphold a “bottom-up” or “multi-stakeholder” Internet governance approach. We believe recent actions by ICANN have signaled a willingness to abandon this model on certain important issues that impact our business and the Internet community.  If ICANN fails to uphold the multi-stakeholder model, it could harm our business and our relationship with ICANN; and
some governments and governmental authorities outside the U.S. have in the past disagreed, and may in the future disagree, with the actions, policies or programs of ICANN, the U.S. Government and us relating to the DNS. The Affirmation of Commitments established several multi-party review panels and contemplates a greater involvement by foreign governments and governmental authorities in the oversight and review of ICANN. These periodic review panels may take positions that are unfavorable to Verisign.
As a result of these and other risks, it may be difficult for us to introduce new services in our Registry Services business and we could also be subject to additional restrictions on how this business is conducted, which may not also apply to our competitors.
Our international operations subject our business to additional economic risks that could have an adverse impact on our revenues and business.
As of September 30, 2013, we had 131, or 12% of our employees outside the U.S. Doing business in international markets has required and will continue to require significant management attention and resources. We may also need to tailor some of our services for a particular market and to enter into international distribution and operating relationships. We have limited experience in localizing our services and in developing international distribution or operating relationships. We may not succeed in expanding our services into new international markets or expand our presence in existing markets. Failure to do so could harm our business. Moreover, local laws and customs in many countries differ significantly from those in the U.S. In many foreign countries, particularly in those with developing economies, it is common for others to engage in business practices that are prohibited by our internal policies and procedures or U.S. law or regulations applicable to us. There can be no assurance that all of our employees, contractors and agents will not take actions in violation of such policies, procedures, laws and/or regulations. Violations of laws, regulations or internal policies and procedures by our employees, contractors or agents could result in financial reporting problems, fines, penalties, or prohibition on the importation or exportation of our products and services and could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, we face risks inherent in doing business on an international basis, including, among others:  
competition with foreign companies or other domestic companies entering the foreign markets in which we operate, as well as foreign governments actively promoting ccTLDs which we do not operate;  
differing and uncertain regulatory requirements;  
legal uncertainty regarding liability, enforcing our contracts and compliance with foreign laws;  
tariffs and other trade barriers and restrictions;  
difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations;  
longer sales and payment cycles;  
problems in collecting accounts receivable;  
currency fluctuations, as a small portion of our international revenues are not always denominated in U.S. dollars and some of our costs are denominated in foreign currencies;
high costs associated with repatriating profits to the U.S., which could impact us due to the large percentage of our cash currently held by us outside the U.S. (see “Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations - Liquidity and capital resources”);
potential problems associated with adapting our services to technical conditions existing in different countries;  
difficulty of verifying customer information;  
political instability;  

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failure of foreign laws to protect our U.S. proprietary rights adequately;  
more stringent privacy policies in some foreign countries;  
additional vulnerability from terrorist groups targeting U.S. interests abroad;  
seasonal reductions in business activity;  
potentially conflicting or adverse tax consequences; and
reliance on third parties in foreign markets in which we only recently started doing business.
We are exposed to risks faced by financial institutions.
The hedging transactions we have entered into expose us to credit risk in the event of default by one of our counterparties. Despite the risk control measures we have in place, a default by one of our counterparties, or liquidity problems in the financial services industry in general, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our marketable securities portfolio could experience a decline in market value, which could materially and adversely affect our financial results.
As of September 30, 2013, we had $1.8 billion in cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and restricted cash, of which $1.7 billion was invested in marketable securities. The marketable securities consist primarily of debt securities issued by the U.S. Treasury meeting the criteria of our investment policy, which is focused on the preservation of our capital through the investment in investment grade securities. We currently do not use derivative financial instruments to adjust our investment portfolio risk or income profile.
These investments, as well as any cash deposited in bank accounts, are subject to general credit, liquidity, market and interest rate risks, which may be exacerbated by unusual events, such as the U.S. debt ceiling crisis and the eurozone crisis, which have affected various sectors of the financial markets and led to global credit and liquidity issues. Over the past several years, the volatility and disruption in the global credit market reached unprecedented levels. If the global credit market deteriorates further, our investment portfolio may be impacted and we could determine that some of our investments have experienced an other-than-temporary decline in fair value, requiring an impairment charge which could adversely impact our financial results, results of operations and cash flows.
Governmental regulation and the application of new and existing laws may slow business growth, increase our costs of doing business, create potential liability and have an adverse effect on our business.
Application of new and existing laws and regulations to the Internet and communications industry can be unclear. The costs of complying or failing to comply with these laws and regulations could limit our ability to operate in our current markets, expose us to compliance costs and substantial liability and result in costly and time-consuming litigation.
Foreign, federal or state laws could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, and our ability to conduct business in certain foreign countries. For example, laws designed to restrict who can register and who can distribute domain names, the online distribution of certain materials deemed harmful to children, online gambling (especially as we consider providing NIA Services and Registry Services to this sector), counterfeit goods, and cybersquatting; laws designed to require registrants to provide additional documentation or information in connection with domain name registrations; and laws designed to promote cyber security may impose significant additional costs on our business or subject us to additional liabilities. We have contracts pursuant to which we provide services to the U.S. government and even though these contracts are immaterial, they impose compliance costs, including compliance with the Federal Acquisition Regulation, which could be significant to the Company.
Due to the nature of the Internet, it is possible that state or foreign governments might attempt to regulate Internet transmissions or prosecute us for violations of their laws. We might unintentionally violate such laws, such laws may be modified and new laws may be enacted in the future. Any such developments could increase the costs of regulatory compliance for us, affect our reputation, force us to change our business practices or otherwise materially harm our business. In addition, any such new laws could impede growth of or result in a decline in domain name registrations, as well as impact the demand for our services.
 

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We operate two root zone servers and are contracted to perform the Root Zone Maintainer function. Under ICANN’s new gTLD program, we face increased risk from these operations.

We administer and operate two of the thirteen root zone servers. Root zone servers are name servers that contain authoritative data for the very top of the DNS hierarchy. These servers have the software and DNS configuration data necessary to locate name servers that contain authoritative data for the TLDs. These root zone servers are critical to the functioning of the Internet. Under the Cooperative Agreement, we also function as the Root Zone Maintainer. In this role, we provision and publish the authoritative data for the root zone itself and periodically distribute it to all root zone server operators.

Under its new gTLD program, ICANN intends to recommend for delegation into the root zone up to 1,400 new TLDs potentially within a compressed timeframe. On October 23, 2013, the DOC authorized the delegation of the first four new IDN gTLDs. In view of our role as the Root Zone Maintainer, and as a root operator, we face increased risks should ICANN’s delegation of these new TLDs cause security and stability problems within the DNS and/or for parties who rely on the DNS. Such risks include potential instability of the DNS including potential fragmentation of the DNS should ICANN’s delegations create sufficient instability, and potential claims based on our role in the root zone provisioning and delegation process. These risks, alone or in the aggregate, have the potential to cause serious harm to our Registry Services business. Further, our business could also be harmed through security, stability and resiliency degradation if the delegation of new TLDs into the root zone causes problems to certain components of the DNS ecosystem or the third parties routing Internet communications present inconsistent data for these new TLDs or other aspects of the global DNS or other relying parties are negatively impacted as a result of unaddressed domain name collisions.
Changes in Internet user behavior, either as a result of evolving technologies or user practices, may impact the demand for domain names.
Currently, Internet users often navigate to a website either by directly typing its domain name into a web browser or through the use of a search engine. If (i) web browser or Internet search technologies were to change significantly; (ii) Internet search engines were to change the value of their algorithms on the use of a domain for finding a website; (iii) Internet users’ preferences or practices were to shift away from direct navigation; (iv) Internet users were to significantly increase the use of web and mobile device applications to locate and access content; or (v) Internet users were to increasingly use third level domains or alternate identifiers, such as social networking and microblogging sites, in each case the demand for domain names could decrease.
Changes in the level of spending on online advertising and/or the way that online networks compensate owners of websites could impact the demand for domain names.
Some domain name registrars and registrants seek to generate revenue through advertising on their websites; changes in the way these registrars and registrants are compensated (including changes in methodologies and metrics) by advertisers and advertisement placement networks, such as Google, Yahoo! and Bing, have, and may continue to, adversely affect the market for those domain names favored by such registrars and registrants which has resulted in, and may continue to result in, a decrease in demand and/or the renewal rate for those domain names. For example, according to published reports, Google has in the past changed (and may change in the future) its search algorithm, which may decrease site traffic to certain websites, and pay-per-click advertising policies to provide less compensation for certain types of websites. This has made such websites less profitable which has resulted in, and may continue to result in, fewer domain registrations and renewals. In addition, as a result of the general economic environment, spending on online advertising and marketing may not increase or may be reduced, which in turn, may result in a further decline in the demand for those domain names.
Changes in state taxation laws and regulations may discourage the registration or renewal of domain names for e-commerce.
Many Internet merchants are not currently required to pay sales or other similar taxes in respect of shipments of goods into most states. However, state taxation laws and regulations may change in the future and one or more states may seek to impose sales tax collection obligations on out-of-state companies that engage in online commerce. For example, the State of Minnesota passed a law that requires certain online retailers with a physical presence or affiliates in Minnesota to collect sales taxes starting July 1, 2013. Congress is also currently considering a federal measure that would allow states to require most retailers, even those without a physical presence in a state, to collect state and local sales taxes. The enactment of any such law in any state may impair the growth of e-commerce and discourage the registration or renewal of domain names for e-commerce.

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Reduced marketing efforts or other operational changes among third party registrars or their resellers as a result of consolidation or changes in ownership, management, or strategy could harm our Registry Services business.
Third-party registrars and their resellers utilize substantial marketing efforts to increase the demand and/or renewal rates for domain names. Consolidation in the registrar or reseller industry or changes in ownership, management, or strategy among individual registrars or resellers could result in significant changes to their business, operating model and cost structure. Such changes could include reduced marketing efforts or other operational changes that could adversely impact the demand and/or the renewal rates for domain names. Our Registry Services business, which generates substantially all of our revenue, derives most of its revenues from registrations and renewals of domain names, and decreased demand for and/or renewals of domain names could cause a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Undetected or unknown defects in our services could harm our business and future operating results.
Services as complex as those we offer or develop could contain undetected defects or errors. Despite testing, defects or errors may occur in our existing or new services, which could result in compromised customer data, loss of or delay in revenues, loss of market share, failure to achieve market acceptance, diversion of development resources, injury to our reputation, tort or warranty claims, increased insurance costs or increased service and warranty costs, any of which could harm our business. The performance of our services could have unforeseen or unknown adverse effects on the networks over which they are delivered as well as, more broadly, on Internet users and consumers, and third-party applications and services that utilize our services, which could result in legal claims against us, harming our business. Furthermore, we often provide implementation, customization, consulting and other technical services in connection with the implementation and ongoing maintenance of our services, which typically involves working with sophisticated software, computing and communications systems. Our failure or inability to meet customer expectations in a timely manner could also result in loss of or delay in revenues, loss of market share, failure to achieve market acceptance, injury to our reputation and increased costs.
 
If we encounter system interruptions or failures, we could be exposed to liability and our reputation and business could suffer.
We depend on the uninterrupted operation of our various systems, secure data centers and other computer and communication networks. Our systems and operations are vulnerable to damage or interruption from:  
power loss, transmission cable cuts and other telecommunications failures;  
damage or interruption caused by fire, earthquake, and other natural disasters;  
attacks, including hacktivism, by hackers or nefarious actors;  
computer viruses or software defects;  
physical or electronic break-ins, sabotage, intentional acts of vandalism, terrorist attacks and other events beyond our control;
State suppression of Internet operations; and  
any failure to implement effective and timely remedial actions in response to any damage or interruption.
Most of the computing infrastructure for our Shared Registration System is located at, and most of our customer information is stored in, our facilities in New Castle, Delaware; Dulles, Virginia; and Fribourg, Switzerland. To the extent we are unable to partially or completely switch over to our primary alternate or tertiary sites, any damage or failure that causes interruptions in any of these facilities or our other computer and communications systems could materially harm our business. Although we carry insurance for property damage, we do not carry insurance or financial reserves for interruptions or potential losses arising from terrorism.
In addition, our Registry Services business and certain of our other services depend on the efficient operation of the Internet connections from customers to our secure data centers and from our customers to the Shared Registration System. These connections depend upon the efficient operation of Internet service providers and Internet backbone service providers, all of which have had periodic operational problems or experienced outages in the past beyond our scope of control.
A failure in the operation of our TLD name servers, the domain name root zone servers, or other events could result in the deletion of one or more domain names from the Internet for a period of time or a misdirection of a domain name to a different server. A failure in the operation of our Shared Registration System could result in the inability of one or more registrars to register and maintain domain names for a period of time.  In the event that a registrar has not implemented back-up services recommended by us in conformance with industry best practices, the failure could result in permanent loss of transactions at the registrar during that period. A failure in the operation or update of the root master database that we maintain could also result in the deletion of one or more TLDs from the Internet and the discontinuation of second-level domain names in those TLDs for a period of time or a misdirection of a domain name to a different server. Any of these problems or outages could decrease customer satisfaction, harming our business or resulting in adverse publicity that could adversely affect the market’s perception of the security of e-commerce and communications over the Internet as well as of the security or reliability of our services.
In addition, a failure in our NIA Services could have a negative impact on our reputation and our business could suffer.

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If we experience security breaches, we could be exposed to liability and our reputation and business could suffer.
We retain certain customer and employee information in our secure data centers and various domain name registration systems. It is critical to our business strategy that our facilities and infrastructure remain secure and are perceived by the marketplace to be secure. The Company, as an operator of critical infrastructure, is frequently targeted and experiences a high rate of attacks. These include the most sophisticated form of attacks, such as advanced persistent threat (“APT”) attacks and zero-hour threats, which means that the threat is not compiled or has been previously unobserved within our observation and threat indicators space until the moment it is launched, making these attacks virtually impossible to anticipate and difficult to defend against. The Shared Registration System, the domain name root zone servers and TLD name servers that we operate are critical hardware and software to our Registry Services operations. We expend significant time and money on the security of our facilities and infrastructure. Despite our security measures, we have been subject to a security breach, as first disclosed in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2011, and our infrastructure may in the future be vulnerable to physical break-ins, computer viruses, attacks by hackers or nefarious actors or similar disruptive problems, including hacktivism. It is possible that we may have to expend additional financial and other resources to address such problems. Any physical or electronic break-in or other security breach or compromise of the information stored at our secure data centers and domain name registration systems may jeopardize the security of information stored on our premises or in the computer systems and networks of our customers. In such an event, we could face significant liability, customers could be reluctant to use our services and we could be at risk for loss of various security and standards-based compliance certifications needed for certain of our businesses, all or any of which could adversely affect our reputation and harm our business. Such an occurrence could also result in adverse publicity and therefore adversely affect the market’s perception of the security of e-commerce and communications over the Internet as well as of the security or reliability of our services.
We are frequently subject to large-scale DDoS attacks.
Our networks have been and likely will continue to be subject to DDoS attacks of increasing size and sophistication.  We have adopted mitigation techniques, procedures and strategies to defend against such attacks but there can be no assurance that we will be able to defend against every attack especially as the attacks increase in size and sophistication.  Any successful attack, or partially successful attack, could disrupt our networks, increase response time, and generally hamper our ability to provide reliable service to our Registry Services customers and the broader Internet community. Further, we sell DDoS protection services to NIA Services customers.  Although our contracts with these customers provide that we may prioritize all or part of these services at no liability to us in order to preserve our operational stability, the provision of such services might expose us to very large-scale DDoS attacks against those customers, in addition to any directed specifically against us and our networks.
We rely on our intellectual property, and any failure by us to protect or enforce, or any misappropriation of, our intellectual property could harm our business.
Our success depends in part on our internally developed technologies and intellectual property. Despite our precautions, it may be possible for a third party to copy or otherwise obtain and use our trade secrets or other forms of our intellectual property without authorization. Furthermore, the laws of foreign countries may not protect our proprietary rights in those countries to the same extent U.S. law protects these rights in the U.S. In addition, it is possible that others may independently develop substantially equivalent intellectual property. If we do not effectively protect our intellectual property, our business could suffer. Additionally, we have filed patent applications with respect to certain of our technology in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and patent offices outside the U.S. Patents may not be awarded with respect to these applications and even if such patents are awarded, third parties may seek to oppose or otherwise challenge our applications, and such patents’ scope may differ significantly from what was requested in the patent applications and may not provide us with sufficient protection of our intellectual property. In the future, we may have to resort to litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. This type of litigation is inherently unpredictable and, regardless of its outcome, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management attention and technical resources. Some of the software and protocols used in our business are based on standards set by standards setting organizations such as the Internet Engineering Task Force.  To the extent any of our patents are considered “standards essential patents,” we may be required to license such patents to our competitors on reasonable and non-discriminatory terms.
 
We also license third-party technology that is used in our products and services to perform key functions. These third-party technology licenses may not continue to be available to us on commercially reasonable terms or at all. The loss of or our inability to obtain or maintain any of these technology licenses could hinder or increase the cost of our launching new products and services, entering into new markets and/or otherwise harm our business. Some of the software and protocols used in our Registry Services business are in the public domain or may otherwise become publicly available, which means that such software and protocols are equally available to our competitors.

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We rely on the strength of our Verisign brand to help differentiate ourselves in the marketing of our products. Dilution of the strength of our brand could harm our business. We are at risk that we will be unable to register, build equity in, or enforce the new logo for Verisign.
We could become subject to claims of infringement of intellectual property of others, which could be costly to defend and could harm our business.
We cannot be certain that we do not and will not infringe the intellectual property rights of others. Claims relating to infringement of intellectual property of others or other similar claims have been made against us and could be made against us in the future. It is possible that we could become subject to additional claims for infringement of the intellectual property of third parties. The international use of our logo could present additional potential risks for third party claims of infringement. Any claims, with or without merit, could be time consuming, result in costly litigation and diversion of technical and management personnel attention, cause delays in our business activities generally, or require us to develop a non-infringing logo or technology or enter into royalty or licensing agreements. Royalty or licensing agreements, if required, may not be available on acceptable terms or at all. If a successful claim of infringement were made against us, we could be required to pay damages or have portions of our business enjoined. If we could not identify and adopt an alternative non-infringing logo, develop non-infringing technology or license the infringed or similar technology on a timely and cost-effective basis, our business could be harmed.
A third party could claim that the technology we license from other parties infringes a patent or other proprietary right. Litigation between the licensor and a third party or between us and a third party could lead to royalty obligations for which we are not indemnified or for which indemnification is insufficient, or we may not be able to obtain any additional license on commercially reasonable terms or at all.
In addition, legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability, and scope of protection of intellectual property rights in Internet-related businesses are uncertain and still evolving. Because of the growth of the Internet and Internet-related businesses, patent applications are continuously being filed in connection with Internet-related technology. There are a significant number of U.S. and foreign patents and patent applications in our areas of interest, and we believe that there has been, and is likely to continue to be, significant litigation in the industry regarding patent and other intellectual property rights.
We could become involved in claims, lawsuits or investigations that may result in adverse outcomes.
In addition to possible intellectual property litigation and infringement claims, we are, and may in the future, become involved in other claims, lawsuits and investigations. Such proceedings may initially be viewed as immaterial but could prove to be material. Litigation is inherently unpredictable, and excessive verdicts do occur. Adverse outcomes in lawsuits and investigations could result in significant monetary damages, including indemnification payments, or injunctive relief that could adversely affect our ability to conduct our business and may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Given the inherent uncertainties in litigation,  even when we are able to reasonably estimate the amount of possible loss or range of loss and therefore record an aggregate litigation accrual for probable and reasonably estimable loss contingencies, the accrual may change in the future due to new developments or changes in approach.  In addition, such investigations, claims and lawsuits could involve significant expense and diversion of management’s attention and resources from other matters. See Note 11, “Contingencies” Legal Proceedings, of our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further information.
We must establish and maintain strategic, channel and other relationships.
One of our significant business strategies has been to enter into strategic or other similar collaborative relationships in order to reach a larger customer base than we could reach through our direct sales and marketing efforts, including in international markets. We may need to enter into additional relationships to execute our business plan. We may not be able to enter into additional, or maintain our existing, strategic relationships on commercially reasonable terms. If we fail to enter into additional relationships, we would have to devote substantially more resources to the distribution, sale and marketing of our services than we would otherwise.
Our success in obtaining results from these relationships will depend both on the ultimate success of the other parties to these relationships and on the ability of these parties to market our services successfully.

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Furthermore, any changes by our distributors to their existing marketing strategies could have a material adverse effect on our business. Similarly, if one or more of our distributors were to encounter financial difficulties, or if there were a significant reduction in marketing expenditures by our distributors (including registrars or their resellers), as a result of industry consolidation or otherwise, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, including a decrease in domain name registrations and renewals. Failure of one or more of our strategic, channel or other relationships to result in the development and maintenance of a market for our services could harm our business. If we are unable to maintain our existing relationships or to enter into additional relationships, this could harm our business.
With the introduction of new gTLDs, many of our registrars, based upon their registrant needs, may choose to focus their short- or long-term marketing efforts on these new offerings and/or reduce the prominence or visibility of our products and services on their e-commerce platforms, and if we are unable to maintain their focus on our products and services or move through them to engage the same registrants, this could harm our business.
 
We continue to explore new strategic initiatives, the pursuit of any of which may pose significant risks and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We are exploring a variety of possible strategic initiatives which may include, among other things, the pursuit of new revenue streams, services or products, changes to our offerings or initiatives to leverage our patent portfolio.
Any such strategic initiative may involve a number of risks, including: the diversion of our management’s attention from our existing business to develop the initiative, related operations and any requisite personnel; possible material adverse effects on our results of operations during and after the development process; and our possible inability to achieve the intended objectives of the initiative. Such initiatives may result in a reduction of cash or increased costs. We may not be able to successfully or profitably develop, integrate, operate, maintain and manage any such initiative and the related operations or employees in a timely manner or at all. Furthermore, under our agreements with ICANN, we are subject to certain restrictions in the operation of .com , .net and .name , including required ICANN approval of new registry services for such TLDs. If any new initiative requires ICANN review, we cannot predict whether this process will prevent us from implementing the initiative in a timely manner or at all. Any strategic initiative to leverage our patent portfolio will likely increase litigation risks from potential licensees and we may have to resort to litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights. Litigation is inherently unpredictable and, regardless of its outcome, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management attention and technical resources.

The success of our NIA Services depends in part on the acceptance of our services.
We are investing in our NIA Services, and the future growth of these services depends, in part, on the commercial success, acceptance, and reliability of our NIA Services. We continually evaluate and evolve the terms and conditions upon which these services are sold. These services may not experience success or acceptance as a result of changes to the terms and conditions. Also, these services will suffer if our target customers do not adopt or use these services. We are not certain that our target customers will choose our NIA Services or continue to use these services even after adoption.
We rely on third parties to provide products which are incorporated in our NIA Services.
The NIA Services incorporate and rely on third party hardware and software products, many of which have unique capabilities. If Verisign is unable to procure these third party products, the NIA Services may malfunction, not perform as well as they should perform, not perform as well as they have been performing or not perform as planned, and our business could suffer.

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Many of our target markets are evolving, and if these markets fail to develop or if our products and services are not widely accepted in these markets, our business could be harmed.
Our Registry Services and NIA Services businesses are developing services in emerging markets, including services that involve naming and directory services other than registry and related infrastructure services. These emerging markets are rapidly evolving, may never gain wide acceptance and may not grow. Even if these markets grow, our services may not be widely accepted. Accordingly, the demand for our services in these markets is very uncertain. The factors that may affect market acceptance of our services in these markets include the following:  
market acceptance of products and services based upon technologies other than those we use;  
public perception of the security of our technologies and of IP and other networks;  
the introduction and consumer acceptance of new generations of mobile devices;  
the ability of the Internet infrastructure to accommodate increased levels of usage; and  
government regulations affecting Internet access and availability, e-commerce and telecommunications over the Internet.
If the market for e-commerce and communications over IP and other networks does not grow or these services are not widely accepted in the market, our business could be materially harmed.
We depend on key employees to manage our business effectively, and we may face difficulty attracting and retaining qualified leaders.
We depend on the performance of our senior management team and other key employees, and we have experienced changes in our management team during the last few years. If we are unable to attract, integrate, retain and motivate these individuals and additional highly skilled technical and sales and marketing employees, and implement succession plans for these personnel, our business may suffer.

We have anti-takeover protections that may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control that could benefit our stockholders.
Our amended and restated Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws contain provisions that could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us without the consent of our Board of Directors (“Board”). These provisions include:  
our stockholders may take action only at a duly called meeting and not by written consent;  
special meetings of our stockholders may be called only by the chief executive officer, the president or our Board, and cannot be called by our stockholders;  
our Board must be given advance notice regarding stockholder-sponsored proposals for consideration at annual meetings and for stockholder nominations for the election of directors;  
vacancies on our Board can be filled until the next annual meeting of stockholders by majority vote of the members of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, or a majority of directors then in office if no such committee exists, or a sole remaining director; and  
our Board has the ability to designate the terms of and issue new series of preferred stock without stockholder approval.
In addition, Section 203 of the General Corporation Law of Delaware prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a business combination with an interested stockholder, generally a person which together with its affiliates owns or within the last three years has owned 15% or more of our voting stock, for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless in the same transaction the interested stockholder acquired 85% ownership of our voting stock (excluding certain shares) or the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. Section 203 therefore may impact the ability of an acquirer to complete an acquisition of us after a successful tender offer and accordingly could discourage, delay or prevent an acquirer from making an unsolicited offer without the approval of our Board.
Changes in, or interpretations of, tax rules and regulations or our tax positions may adversely affect our effective tax rates.
We are subject to income taxes in both the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We are subject to audit by various tax authorities. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, we recognize income tax benefits, net of required valuation and uncertain tax position allowances. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different than that which is reflected in historical income tax provisions and accruals. Should additional taxes be assessed as a result of an audit or litigation, an adverse effect on our income tax provision and net income in the period or periods for which that determination is made could result.

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A significant portion of our foreign earnings for the current fiscal year was earned by our Swiss subsidiaries. Our effective tax rate could fluctuate significantly on a quarterly basis and could be adversely affected to the extent earnings are lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory rates and higher than anticipated in countries where we have higher statutory rates.
As described in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Results of Operations-Income tax expense” in Part I, Item II of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we expect to claim a worthless stock deduction on our 2013 federal income tax return and record, during the fourth quarter of 2013, an income tax benefit of approximately $300.0 million to $400.0 million, net of valuation allowances and uncertain tax positions recorded as required under U.S. GAAP. This worthless stock deduction may be subject to audit and adjustment by the IRS, which could result in the reversal of all, part or none of the income tax benefit, or could result in a benefit higher than the net amount we initially record. In addition, we cannot guarantee that the liquidation of this subsidiary will occur as described, or at all, or what the ultimate outcome, use or amount of benefit we receive, if any, will be.
Various legislative proposals that would reform U.S. corporate tax laws have been proposed by the Obama administration as well as members of Congress, including proposals that would significantly impact how U.S. multinational corporations are taxed on foreign earnings. We are unable to predict whether these or other proposals will be implemented. Although we cannot predict whether or in what form any proposed legislation may pass, if enacted, such legislation could have a material adverse impact on our tax expense or cash flow.
Our inability to indefinitely reinvest our foreign earnings could materially adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Deferred income taxes are not provided on most of the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries because these earnings are intended to be indefinitely reinvested. During the fourth quarter of 2013, we expect to analyze and evaluate various scenarios for realizing the tax benefits expected to result from a worthless stock deduction discussed further in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Income tax expense” in Part I, Item 2 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. As part of this analysis, we anticipate reevaluating our overall business structure and financing of foreign operations. If the conclusion of this analysis results in a change to our current strategy related to foreign operations, we may be require